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Ancient annals of August
August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and is named after the Emperor Augustus. Prior to 8 BC it was called Sextilis, reflecting the fact that it was originally the sixth month of the Roman calendar.
Augustus (63 BC-14 AD) was the great nephew of Julius Caesar, and founded the Roman Empire, becoming the first Emperor of Rome. His climb to power involved manipulation of his rivals, and of public and private funds, military shows of strength, and diplomacy ; but his legacy involved constitutional reform, restoration of civil order to Rome, and the expansion and consolidation of Roman power. The Empire lasted, in one form or another, for nearly 1500 years, until the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
A fine portrait of Augustus is found in one of our rare books, Jean Crévier’s The history of the Roman Empire from Augustus to Constantine (1755-1761).
What to know more about Augustus and Ancient Rome? Look in our online catalogue here