On this day, 14th October 1958, Douglas Mawson, the Australian geologist and Antarctic explorer, died.
Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire, England but came to Australia in 1884 at the age of two, and was educated in Sydney, later graduating in mining engineering at the University of Sydney. See Australian Dictionary of Biography.
In 1911, Mawson led a team of scientists and adventurers, setting off from Hobart to reach Macquarie Island and the then unknown parts of Antarctica. The State Library of New South Wales holds collections of photographs and manuscripts relating to the exploration of Antarctica. See Discover Collections.