On this day, in April 1770, Captain James Cook in the HM Bark Endeavour, landed at Botany Bay.
Cook, with Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander landed at Kurnell in the afternoon of April 29th in search of fresh water. In the next few days, excursions around the bay were undertaken and samples of native flora collected.
E. Phillips Fox - Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay, 1770. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons
Compass said to have been used by Cook on one of or all of his voyages, ca 1766-1776 SAFE / R 221 State Library of New South Wales
Objects : 1 brass Azimuth compass, gimballed in original oak case with removable lid. Has two cresent shaped indented handles and two metal (possibly brass) clasps. Has a brass and wire sighting device that sits across the top of the bowl and has original makers label inside lid. ; Box 23 x 29.9 x 29.5 cm, compass diameter - outer ring 23.5 cm, inner ring 19 cm, height of compass in box approx. 14 cm, sighting device 8.5 x 18.6 cm.