On this day, 24th November, 1876, Walter Burley Griffin, the architect who designed Australia’s capital city, Canberra, was born.
Walter Burley Griffin was born in Chicago. After obtaining his degree in architecture in 1899, Griffin worked for Frank Lloyd Wright in Oak Park, Illinois, designing many houses in the Chicago area. After winning the competition to design Australia’s national capital, he and his wife moved to Australia, where Griffin was appointed as the Federal Capital Director of Design and Construction. Difficulties with Federal government bureaucrats forced Griffin’s resignation from the project in 1920 when a conflict of interest threatened Griffin’s work. Griffin remained in Australia, later designing the Sydney suburb of Castlecrag and the Melbourne suburb of Eaglemont. Griffin also helped design the New South Wales towns of Leeton, Griffith and Culburra Beach.