State Library of NSW
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Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, was Queen Victoria's second son and the first of the Royal family to visit Australia. Temporary arches were erected in his honour around the city, including this one at Circular Quay. The visit has been hastily organised and was not without incident. Melbourne's free public banquet ended in rioting, three children were killed by fireworks in Bendigo and the Prince was shot in the back by an Irishman James O'Farrell in Clontarf. Prince Alfred survived and left Australia in April 1868, directly from London.