Major human rights treaties

Major human rights treaties
Year of adoptionInstrumentYear of force generallyYear of force for Australia

1926

Slavery Convention

1927

1927

1930

ILO (Convention No 29) on Forced Labour

1932

1932

1947

ILO (Convention No. 81) on Labour Inspection

1950

1975

1948

ILO (Convention No. 87) on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise

1950

1974

1948

Genocide Convention

1951

1951

1949

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others

1949

N

1949

Four Geneva Conventions on International Humanitarian Law

1950

1959

1951

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees

1954

1954

1951

ILO (Convention No. 100) on Equal Remuneration

1954

1954

1952

Convention on the International Right of Correction

1962

N

1953

Convention on the Political Rights of Women

1954

1975

1953

Protocol Amending the 1926 Slavery Convention

1953

1955

1954

Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons

1960

1974

1956

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery

1957

1958

1957

Convention on the Nationality of Married Women

1958

1961

1957

ILO (Convention No. 105) on the Abolition of Forced Labour

1959

1961

1958

ILO (Convention No. 111) on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation)

1960

1974

1960

Convention against Discrimination in Education

1962

1967

1961

Convention on the Reduction in Statelessness

1975

1975

1962

Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages

1964

N

1964

ILO (Convention No. 122) on Employment Policy

1965

1969

1966

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

1969

1975

1966

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

1976

1976

1966

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1976

1980

1966

First Optional Protocol to ICCPR

1976

1991

1967

Refugee Protocol

1967

1973

1968

Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes

1970

N

1973

International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid

1976

N

1977

Protocols I and II to the 1949 Geneva Conventions

1978

1991

1979

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

1981

1983

1981

ILO (Convention No. 155) on Occupational Safety and Health

1983

2004

1981

ILO (Convention No. 156) on Workers with Family Responsibilities

1983

1991

1983

ILO (Convention No. 159) on Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Workers)

1985

1991

1984

Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

1987

1989

1985

International Convention Against Apartheid in Sports

1988

N

1989

Convention on the Rights of the Child

1990

1991

1989

Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR, aiming at the Abolition of the Death Penalty

1991

1991

1990

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families

2003

N

1997

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (of 9 May 1992)

2005

2008

1998

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

2002

2002

1999

ILO Convention (No. 182) concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour

2000

2006

1999

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women

2000

N

2000

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict

2002

2006

2000

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

2002

2007

2002

Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

2006

N

2006

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

2008

2008

2006

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

2008

2009

2006

International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

2010

N

2008

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

2013

N

N=Australia is not a party.

This table has been adapted from Australian International Law: cases and materials edited by Harry Reicher (LBC Information Services, 1995) Chapter 9: Human Rights by Hilary Charlesworth pp 629-630 with additional information taken from Australian Treaty List supplied by the Treaties Secretariat, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.