The journals

“This is a very poor rocky and sandy country….the gullys [sic] extremely deep.”

“Here is a great extent of fine forest land and the best watered country of any I have seen in the colony.”

William Lawson - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May - 6 June 1813, together with wax impression of Lawson's seal
1813
William Lawson, 1774-1850
Digital ID: 
a1482003
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William Lawson - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May - 6 June 1813, together with wax impression of Lawson's seal
1813
William Lawson, 1774-1850
Digital ID: 
a1482004
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William Lawson - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May - 6 June 1813, together with wax impression of Lawson's seal 1813
1813
William Lawson, 1774-1850
Digital ID: 
a1482013
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William Lawson - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May - 6 June 1813, together with wax impression of Lawson's seal
1813
William Lawson, 1774-1850
Digital ID: 
a1482019
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William Lawson - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May - 6 June 1813, together with wax impression of Lawson's seal
1813
William Lawson, 1774-1850
Digital ID: 
a1482020
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"A country of so singular a description could in my opinion only have been produced by some Mighty convulsion in Nature"

William Charles Wentworth - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May-6 June 1813
11 May-6 June 1813
.William Charles, Wentworth, 1790-1872
Digital ID: 
a1461002
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Transcript: 

On the Eleventh of May our party consisting of Mr . Gregory Blaxland, Lieutenant Lawson and Myself with four servants quitted Mr . Gregory Blaxlands farm on the South Creek and on the 29th of the June Month descended from the Mountain into forest land having travelled as nearly as I can compute about 60 Miles from Mr . Chapmans farm on the Nepean River although I do not imagine that we made more than 40 Miles of Westing. This newly discovered tract of country commences about 20 Miles West of Jamiesons farm on the Nepean River - From there the Height of our Situation enabled us to distinguish that it runs SW for at least 30 Miles - It stretches to the Northward for nearly the same distance - How far it reaches to the Westward we could not determine further than that we travelled in that direction for about 10 Miles and from the Top of a very high Mountain which we ascended on one of our early excursions could distinctly perceive that the summits of the Hills were covered with grass for at least fifteen Miles further - From means 

William Charles Wentworth - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May-6 June 1813
11 May-6 June 1813
.William Charles, Wentworth, 1790-1872
Digital ID: 
a1461003
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Transcript: 

of Information so circumscribed it is evidently Impossible to speak with any degree of Certainty of the extent of this tract of Country I think however that it may be safely concluded at least equal in magnitude to that part of New South Wales which is termed the County of Cumberland - The whole of its East side and as much of its North and South sides as could be distinguished are perpendicular Walls of Stone from 500 to 1000 feet in Height - Whether it is entirely surrounded by such terrific barriers must at present remain mere matter of speculation - A country of so singular a description could in my opinion only have been produced by some Mighty convulsion in Nature - Those immense unconnected perpendicular Masses of Mountain which are to be seen towards its Eastern Extremity towering above the Country around, seem to indicate that the whole of this tract has been formed out of the Materials of the primitive Mountains of which these Masses are the only parts that 

William Charles Wentworth - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May-6 June 1813
11 May-6 June 1813
William Charles, Wentworth, 1790-1872
Digital ID: 
a1461014
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William Charles Wentworth - Journal of an expedition across the Blue Mountains, 11 May-6 June 1813
11 May-6 June 1813
William Charles, Wentworth, 1790-1872
Digital ID: 
a1461019
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This story has been developed with the support of the State Library of NSW Foundation.

We would like to acknowledge the generosity of Vincent Fairfax Family Foundation.