- From Terra Australis to Australia
- Tales from the First Fleet
- Journals from the First Fleet
- Letters home
- Artists of the First Fleet
- Charting the land
- Published accounts
- Mutiny on the bounty
- Matthew Flinders' journeys
- Voyage of the Rattlesnake
- HMS Guardian and Captain Riou
- The Guardian is safe!
- The Bowman flag - the first Australian coat of arms
- The 1808 'Rum' Rebellion
- The main players - Macarthur, Bligh and Johnston
- The overthrow and aftermath
The Guardian's safe arrival in False Bay at the Cape of Good Hope on February 21st, 1790 was widely and triumphantly reported in the English press at the begining of May.
This report in the Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser relates the dramatic tale of the disaster and reprints several of Captain Riou's letters to the Admiralty.
Riou's letter to the Admiralty
Captain Edward Riou arrived back in England in 1790. He was required to undergo a court-martial - a mandatory trial for a sea captain who lost a ship. (After arriving back at the Cape of Good Hope, the damaged Guardian was finally wrecked and beached during a storm at False Bay).
Thanks to his bravery, the court-martial was merely a formality and Riou was acquitted. His conduct was considered beyond reproach. The officers and crew who abandonded the Guardian in the smaller boats, however, were heavily criticised by some for not doing their duty. Captain Riou wrote a series of letters to the British Admiralty, exonerating their conduct (particularly focussing on those men who survived the escape). He also requested pardons for the convicts who had remained on board the Guardian and who were later transferred to Port Jackson. Fourteen of the twenty surviving convicts were granted pardons thanks to Riou.
Letters to the admiratly
The Guardian in verse
Broadside ballads were a popular and cheap way of broadcasting news, gossip and stories in verse and song. They were very popular between the 16th and the mid-19th centuries, an era where newspapers were expensive due to heavy taxes. Broadside ballads were usually printed on one side of cheap paper and sold at roadside stalls. They were performed at taverns and other public places where people gathered to talk about the events of the day. Disasters were a popular topic for ballad writers, and the two below are based on the story of Captain Riou and the Guardian.