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On this day, 8 October 1818, surveyor and explorer John Oxley discovered and named Port Macquarie. Oxley had recently charted the Macquarie River, and was following the Hastings River to the point where it flowed into the sea. This - like many of Oxley’s other discoveries - he named for the present governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie. Within three years, Port Macquarie was developed as a place of secondary punishment for hardened convicts.
The watercolour above is from Phillip Parker King’s Album of drawings and engravings (PXC 767). It is captioned ‘View of the entrance of Port Macquarie from the Green Mound’ and it was painted in 1819.