This beautiful 12 inch table globe recently purchased by the Library is one of the earliest globes to record all three of Cook’s voyages. Created by John Newton and William Palmer just two years after Cook’s death, it shows the complete tracks of his first two voyages, and marks the places his third voyage visited.
Notably, this is the first appearance of Hawai’i on a globe. It appears with the annotation ‘Owhyhee, one of the Sandwich Is. Where the celebrated Captain Cook lost his life’.
This globe records the known world in 1782 – a time of significant European exploration and discovery. Australia (with the mainland still joined to Tasmania) is shown with Cook’s placenames on the east coast and Dutch placenames on the west coast. Northwest North America is labelled ‘New Albion’ and the Midwest is labelled ‘New France Louisiana’.
Following Cook’s death in Hawai’i in February 1779 urgent despatches were sent back to England with the news. These reports, received in January 1780, also contained information about the discoveries made on the voyage. Cartographers scrambled to update their maps with the new information. This globe predates the official account of Cook’s last voyage by two years.
The globe also credits Captain Constantine Phipps and Captain Tobias Furneaux (or Furneux) as sources. Furneaux was commander of the Adventure on Cook’s second voyage. Phipps is notable for his unsuccessful attempt to find open water near the North Pole. His voyage towards the North Pole is also tracked on the globe.
As with most globes produced between the 17th and 20th centuries, this globe is assembled from engraved gores, printed segments of paper which were pasted onto the globe sphere. These were generally pasted onto a core of two papier mâché hemispheres joined together and then coated in plaster. This globe is complete with its original brass meridian ring, horizon ring (engraved with the signs of the zodiac) and four legged oak stand.
The Library’s holdings include three other globes from the 18th Century – Adams’ A correct globe with the new discoveries, 1773 (call number GLOBE 9), Cassini’s Globo terrestre, 1790 (call number M2 100/1790/1) and Cary’s pocket globe: agreeable to the latest discoveries, 1791 (call number GLOBE 1).
A new terrestrial globe on which the tracts and discoveries are laid down from the accurate observations made by Caps. Cook, Furneux, Phipps will complement the Library’s existing collection of maps and terrestrial globes.