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Sir Thomas Mitchell diary, with comments on the discovery of gold, especially in the Bathurst district p.71851

by Sir Thomas Mitchell

Tuesday, 24th June 1851
Mr. Davidson having plotted his survey of the ground, I planned the streets and allotments for the Town of Ophir – and wrote a despatch to the Colonial Secretary to accompany this plan for the Town.
Mr. Davidson bought for me a specimen of quartz & gold found in the river for £2 – also one still more beautiful of bluish quartz – for £3.  He told me about another he had seen with rubies set in it by nature for which I give him a cheque for £2 to buy it for me which he effected.
Received from the office at Sydney a second Aneroid barometer for which I had written to Mr. Halloran.  Robt. Whiting formerly one of my exploring men brought me the Aneroid from Molong.

Wednesday, 25th June 1851
Sent off the despatch and plan addressed to the Colonial Secretary by post.  Wrote also a few lines to Colonel Barry about Roderick and enclosing two applications from Robt. Whiting for cattle-runs.
This day I resumed the measure of my section line from Molong, which, I found, passed within a few hundred yards of my present camp – but which ran out to a point in a bend of the river, far below the diggings.  I had hard work to scramble over the ground near the river – left a man with my horse a mile &  a half back from it, and finally got to the river.  I found on one of the heads near the river, the old conglomerate rock of the interior which Mr. Lonsdale formerly described as “Very hard rock consisting of grains and small pebbles of quartz cemented in a hard ferruginous matrix probably felspar”.  This rock appears to have also engaged Mr. Stutchbury’s attention for he had previously informed me that he had found it (describing it exactly) in the [pass?] of Bellarida between the Lewis Ponds &  Macquarie a few miles above their junction.  He said he had reported it to Mr. Thomson as being probably rich in gold.