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The Animals They Brought With Them

Students determine the fate of the animals that were brought to New South Wales and their place in the diet of the colonists. 

Student activities

Task no. 1

The Animals They Brought With Them

The farm livestock that arrived with the First Fleet did not provide the food they were hoping for either. The cattle escaped, and many of the animals died. The weather was often another cause of setbacks!

Read Judge David Collins’ description of 6 February 1788:

In the night of the 6th February, six sheep, two lambs and one pig, belonging chiefly to the lieutenant-governor, having been placed at the foot of a large tree, were destroyed by the lightning. 

Fortunately, other animals survived. Read Judge David Collins' list created in May 1788 of the total amount of stock in the whole colony:

1 Stallion            2 Bulls                 19 Goats             5 Rabbits            35 Ducks
3 Mares              5 Cows                49 Hogs              18 Turkeys         122 Fowls
3 Colts                 29 Sheep             25 Pigs                29 Geese            87 Chickens.

Answer these questions:

  • Which three animals provide milk?
  • How many horses altogether?
  • How many pigs altogether?
  • How many winged animals are there? (Can you do that sum in your head?)
  • Do you have any of these animals in your backyard? Why?
  • Is there any animal meat you would not eat from this list?

Study a summary of Judge David Collins' account of the food produce available at the marketplace in Parramatta in 1792-3:

Butter Cheese
Eggs Chickens
Turkey Duck
Mutton Kangaroo
Fresh pork Salt pork
Salt beef Potatoes
A lot of cabbages, per hundred Maize
English flour Flour of this country
Tea (green) Tea (black)
Coffee Loaf sugar
Fine moist sugar Coarse moist sugar

 

Define the food mutton.

Look at these images of animals that provided the meat for the marketplace in Parramatta.

[A bush turkey or alectura lathami], 1809 / by I.W. Lewin, 1809
View collection item detail
Three chickens

Image 1: Detail from 182. [untitled chickens]

A brown necked duck standing in profile on the shore's edge, with grey, black and green markings

Image 2: Detail from Item 02: [Maned or Wood] Duck [&] Drake, ca 1792 / Sydney Bird Painter

Two sheep, one with long curly horns

Image 3: Detail from G.H. Hammersley - Australia Illustrated, ca. 1777-1855

The profile of a kangaroo standing on its hind legs

Image 4: Detail from Journal of a voyage to New South Wales : with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions / by John White. [Album view]

Two horned cattle in a paddock

Image 5: Detail from H.E.I.Cos Depot. Bungarrabbee [i.e. Bungarribee] N.S.W., ca. 1847-1852 / T. Rider

Answer these questions about the marketplace list and the animal images:

  • Which two products would you have thought everyone would be tired of eating by now? 
  • Which vegetable appears to be growing well? 
  • Which product now has a choice of a local variety and an imported one? 
  • Which product now has a choice of three different types? 
  • Which product on the list was not available to eat in England? 
  • Why are there so few vegetables available? [Answer in Additional Information.] 
  • What items are missing from the lists that you might buy today?  
  • From the set of images, which animals are introduced animals to Australia? 
  • What consequences might there be to the land with the introduction of these non-native animals? 

Research which animals in our country are introduced species and which ones are native. Investigate the impact on our environment and native species by the introduced non-native species of animals. Discover the original (non-European) names of our native animals. That might vary across regions as we know there are over 250 known Aboriginal languages.