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Portrait of Joseph Raphael, ca. 1852 / drawn by Charles Rodius ca. 1852

By Rodius, Charles, 1802-1860

Joseph Raphael (1785-1853), a Jewish convict, was convicted of highway robbery and transported for life serving his sentence in Tasmania and Newcastle. He received a conditional pardon in 1818 and an absolute pardon in 1842. In 1819 Raphael opened a shop in Pitt Street, Sydney, where he sold calico, vinegar and tea. By 1827 his shop had moved to 92 George Street, though he still did business from a "moveable" shop. In 1830 he opened the Manchester Arms in George Street but by the end of the year he was insolvent. He was also declared insolvent in 1832, 1837 and 1843. Raphael was involved in a number of court cases concerning his business dealings and he was convicted of assaulting the Magistrate, Captain Brabyn, in 1830, receiving a three month sentence. In 1848 a Sydney newspaper described Raphael as "a gentleman well known in Sydney". He died on 26 September 1853.

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Call Number:
ML 1438
Published date:
ca. 1852
Copyright Information:

Out of copyright - Artist died before 1955
Please acknowledge: - Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales